One can obtain assistance to stop using cocaine if it is hurting his/her relationships, job, financial condition, or health – it’s not necessary to regularly use cocaine or crack to develop an addiction to it.
If you’ve attempted to cut back or quit but haven’t been successful, you may have an addiction. Some therapies can help you stop being successful.
There will be a lot of inquiries concerning your health and substance use at your initial session. This enables the creation of a personalised treatment plan just for you.
Some therapies can help you stop being successful – a rehab key worker will be assigned to you to help you with your treatment plan.
How Can You Spot Someone Suffering From Cocaine Addiction?
Recognising the psychological, behavioural, and physical signs of cocaine addiction is the first step in helping a loved one so you can tell when they need assistance.
Here are some signs of a cocaine addict you should watch out for:
If you see any of these symptoms, it may be a clue that the individual has a problem with cocaine and requires help from a specialist.
What Are The Effects Of Cocaine?
Cocaine can operate relatively quickly, depending on how it is consumed—for example, when it is smoked, snorted, or administered intravenously. The effects of cocaine on the brain increase dopamine release. Dopamine is a chemical that helps the brain recognise pleasant emotions and “reward” the actions that first generated them.
The perceived “high” of cocaine usage and its addictive potential is partly caused by this rise in dopamine.
Several desired side effects are present along with the high following usage, the short term effects include:
The long-term effects are:
The Health Risks Of A Cocaine Addiction
People who use drugs or participate in high-risk activities related to drug use put themselves at high risk of catching or spreading viral illnesses such as hepatitis, the AIDS virus, or the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
This is because viruses may transmit through bodily fluids like blood.
It mostly occurs in two ways:
The brain is affected by drug use, which also changes your judgment and decreases your inhibitions. When you’re high, you could be more inclined to make poor choices that increase your risk of contracting or spreading HIV, such as taking other drugs or having sex without a condom.
You might also find it difficult to wear a condom properly every time you have sex or have more sexual partners. Your risk of contracting HIV and other STDs may rise as a result of these practices. Or, if you already have HIV, they might make you more likely to transmit the virus to others.
Additionally, if you inject drugs, sharing needles or tools (or “works”) needed to make drugs, such as cotton, cookers, and water puts you at risk for contracting or spreading HIV as well as hepatitis B and C.
Because blood can contain HIV, the needles or other implements may have blood on them. For the same reason, you shouldn’t share needles or equipment used to inject silicone, hormones, or steroids.
How Is Cocaine Addiction Treated?
Nearly 6% of all admissions to substance misuse treatment involved cocaine. The bulk of people who seek treatment for cocaine (68 percent in 2013) smoke crack and are likely polydrug users, meaning they use multiple drugs. Those who provide treatment for cocaine use should be aware that drug addiction is a complex disease involving alterations in the brain as well as a broad range of social, familial, and other environmental parameters. The treatment of cocaine addiction must take into account this broad context as well as any other founder mental disorders that call for additional behavioural or pharmacological interventions.
Behavioural approach: Contingency management (CM), commonly known as motivational incentives, is one type of behavioural treatment that is effective in treating cocaine use problems in patients. Patients who refrain from using cocaine and other drugs are rewarded through programs using a voucher or special award system. The patients receive points, or “chips,” based on drug-free urine tests, which may be redeemed for things that promote healthy living, such as fitness classes, movie tickets, or supper at a nearby restaurant. Patients who first abstain from cocaine and remain in therapy may benefit the most from CM. Recently, it was established that this strategy works well in community rehabilitation programs
Pharmacological approaches: There are currently no drugs available to help treat cocaine addiction, although scientists are looking into several neurological targets. While dopamine has received most of the attention in previous studies, researchers have shown that cocaine usage also affects other neurotransmitters like serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), norepinephrine, and glutamate. Drugs that target the dopamine receptor, a variety of dopamine receptors that are extremely prevalent in the emotion and reward regions of the brain, are now being tested by researchers. In other studies, substances (such as N-acetylcysteine) are being tested to correct the excitatory (glutamate) and inhibitory (GABA) neurotransmission balance that chronic cocaine use upsets. Animal studies are being done on drugs that affect serotonin receptors.